The food pyramid and diabetes

The general population as well as people with diabetes should have a healthy diet. This article provides general information on food groups and healthy ways to prepare them. In addition to these considerations, people with diabetes need to find an appropriate balance between food intake (meal plans that should be discussed with a dietician), Insulin intake (either in the form of multiple injections or continuous subcutaneous delivery using a pump), and physical activity or exercise. This mix is the basis of treatment for Type 1 diabetes.

How much should you eat each day?

Have about 1,200 to 1,600 calories a day if you are 
  • a small woman who exercises 
  • a small or medium woman who wants to lose weight 
  • a medium woman who does not exercise much 
Have about 1,600 to 2,000 calories a day if you are 
  • a large woman who wants to lose weight 
  • a small man at a healthy weight 
  • a medium man who does not exercise much 
  • a medium to large man who wants to lose weight 
Have about 2,000 to 2,400 calories a day if you are 
  • a medium to large man who does a lot of exercise or has a physically active job 
  • a large man at a healthy weight 
  • a large woman who exercises a lot or has a physically active job
Calories per day Starches Vegetables Fruit Milk and yoghurt Meat or meat substitute Fats and sweets
1,200 to 1,600 6 3 2 2 2 up to 3
1,600 to 2,000 8 4 3 2 2 up to 4
2,000 to 2,400 11 4 3 2 2 up to 5
Discuss a meal plan with your dietician that fits the way you usually eat, your daily routine, and your diabetes medicines.