Types of Diabetes
Although there are three main types of diabetes
, there is also a stage before diabetes called pre-diabetes
. Pre-diabetes, also known as Impaired glucose tolerance
is a condition where your Blood sugar
level elevates to a level higher than the normal range for most people, but is still low enough not to be considered diabetes.
People who have pre-diabetes are at risk of developing Type 2 diabetes later in life
if they do not monitor their condition carefully.
People who have been diagnosed with pre-diabetes can help keep from progressing to a full blown diagnosis of Type 2 diabetes by watching their weight, exercising and eating the right foods.
The first main type of diabetes is Type 1 diabetes
, an Autoimmune disease
where the pancreas produces very little insulin or no insulin at all
. People who get Type 1 diabetes are usually under the age of 20, usually presenting itself when the person is a child or young adult.
Some scientists believe that Type 1 diabetes is a genetic condition where the cells of the Pancreas
are attacked and then stop functioning. Others feel the disease may be caused by a virus that prompt the immune system to begin attacking the pancreas.
Because the pancreas cells that produce Insulin
are destroyed, people who develop Type 1 diabetes will have the disease for life and will need treatment in the form of insulin shots or an insulin pump.
In addition to insulin therapy, exercise and careful attention to diet is necessary to prevent fluctuations of blood sugar.
Type 2 diabetes is normally found in people who are overweight as they get older. Although it is sometimes called adult onset diabetes, in some country, such as the United States, more children and young adults are being diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes because they are not getting enough activity.
About 90 percent of all cases of diabetes are Type 2 diabetes. The difference between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes is that with Type 2 diabetes the pancreas does not produce
enough insulin or the body does not properly use the it.
Type 2 diabetes is sometimes considered a lifestyle disease because it is normally triggered by living a fairly sedentary life, being overweight and not participating in exercise. However, age is a factor as well as heredity. If a parent or sibling develops Type 2 diabetes later in life, a person has greater chances to getting Type 2 diabetes as well.
The third main type of diabetes is gestational diabetes, which is a condition that women can get when they are in the second trimester of pregnancy. About 4 percent of all pregnant women will develop gestational diabetes. Unlike Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes will disappear after the baby is born.
When a woman has an occurrence of gestational diabetes during pregnancy, she is more likely to have it again in the next pregnancy and puts the woman at a higher risk of developing Type 2 diabetes later in life. The older a woman is when she is pregnant, the higher the risk of developing gestational diabetes during pregnancy.